Day care Group I, Group E, or Group R3

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    Rebekka O'Melia (Edited )

    Under age 2-1/2 is an Institutional use group.  Although I think a day care could have 1 or 2 babies in home (R use groups) and be ok.

    Age 2-1/2 up to grade 12 is an Educational use group.  And any college, trade school, etc that's after high school is considered a Business use group.

    Hope this helps!

    Rebekka O'Melia, Registered Architect, NCARB, B. Arch, M. Ed, Step UP,  Step UP ARE 5.0 Courses

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    Yvette Louka

    Read the explanation in IBC 308.5

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    Michael Ermann

    They each could be a correct answer for a day care.

    Fewer than five children of any age: R-3 "Residential" (often small daycares are in houses, and that's allowed) 

    Older than 2.5 years (and more than 5 children): E "Educational" 

    Younger than 2.5 years (and more than 5 children, but less than 100) and the childcare rooms sit on the level of discharge with exit doors in each room that lead directly outside: E "Educational" 

    Younger than 2.5 years (and more than 5 children) without the direct exit doors in each classroom: I-4 “institutional”

    *two other things to note. . .  (1) FYI (but feels too picky to be on a test), if the daycare is in a religious worship setting, and the children are only cared for during religious services, the primary occupancy of the house of worship (likely A-3) will also classify the daycare area. And (2) in these types of situations, you'll usually be given access to the code to make the call but daycare is spelled “day care” as two words in the code.

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    barry ballinger

    I-4 according to Building Codes Illustrated page 30. However, it also says between 6 and 100 kids' day care with direct exit access is classified as E. So, it's confusing. 

    We're supposed to have all this disparate info memorized and able to recall it quickly on a timed test?

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    Michael Ermann

    Good question, Barry!

    1. In most cases, when there's a code-related question, you will have access to the code, likely as case study reference materials (but possibly as a code table within the question).

    2. In most cases, you can trust that the first "normal" answer you find on a table or elsewhere in the text is the right answer. . . . that the list of "exceptions" at the bottom of the table for sugar warehouses, or cotton storage . . that those aren't in play in a timed test.

    3. However, when it comes to occupancy groups in particular, you absolutely should be ready for the most common non-obvious or counter-intuitive categorizations--I dare say, "exceptions": that classrooms are Educational (E) but that large lecture rooms are Assembly (A), that daycare could be any number of groupings, (including R-3, E, or I4), that mixed use buildings may be "separated" or "nonseparated"

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