The proper use of the term “bidding documents”

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    Christina Fu

    Hi Mr. Chen!  It is an honor to have you here part of the NCARB community discussion. 

    I agree that these terminologies are very confusing.  Clarifying them as Bidding Requirements or Bidding Procedures would probably be clearer that these are "instructions" to bidders, not to be included in contract document, where as "bidding document" would be the paper work that is submitted to the owner/architect to review. 

    Does that sound right?

    By the way, I most likely have failed CE today per the initial exam result.  The questions are tricky.

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    Gang Chen (Edited )

    Christina,

    Thank you for the kind words. The concept of bidding documents is actually very important and probably will be tested in ARE exams. It is not paperwork that is submitted to the owner/architect to review. 

    I am repeating it here, and added bold and italic fonts to help you understand:

    Per A701-2018, Instructions to Bidders, Section 1.1:

    Bidding documents include bidding requirements and the proposed contract documents.”

    Bidding requirements include paperwork sent to the bidders telling them the specific requirements of the bid, like advertisement or invitation to bid that includes requirements on bid security, performance bond, labor and material bond, etc.

    Gang Chen, Author, Architect, LEED AP BD+C (GreenExamEducation.com)

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    Christina Fu

    Ohh I C. 

    Is the requirement of the Bid Bond also stated in the Bidding Document?  Is the Bid Bond the same Bid Security? 

    Thank you!

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    Gang Chen (Edited )

    Yes, the requirement of the Bid Bond is also stated in the Bidding Documents. 

    The Bid Bond is not the same as Bid Security, but can be one form of bid security. Bid Security can be a cashier’s check, certified check, or bid bond.

    Gang Chen, Author, Architect, LEED AP BD+C (GreenExamEducation.com)

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    Rabeea Alkhazraji

    Mr. Gang,

    Thanks for this information about ballast book - I couldn't buy that book for the first time due financial issues, instead of that, I was going to the library and borrow that manual before they issue revised version - what I've noticed through my ready from this manual is many questions with multiple answers has wrongly written and even the choices answer when they mentioned (select 3 or 2 answer), in turn, the answers would be more than or less than what required in question. that really not something would recommend to study, because its confusing material.

    even when I had the chance to buy the revised version, they have the same issue. I would follow NCARB handbook material from now on, with practice exams.

    Best,

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    Christina Fu

    Gang Chen, I took the CE exam about 3 weeks ago. I did well in all the parts except on the portion of the exam on Pre-Construction.  I think the questions that I might have failed was on picking the "lowest bidder," the "lowest responsible bidder" and bid bonds.  Any rules of thumbs when it comes to these types of questions? (I don't know how specific I can get with the questions on this forum. )

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    Gang Chen

    Read A201 and A701 a few more times and really understand them.

    Owner does not have to select the lowest bid. it is typical for the owner to include in the invitation to bid documents that the owner has the right to select any bid, and the right to reject any and all bids. (See A701, Sections 5.2 and 5.3)

    This is because sometimes the lowest bid may not be the most qualified bid, and the project can be delayed or cancelled, so the owner needs to have a legal way to get out of signing ANY contract if the project is cancelled OR the owner decides not to build the project after reviewing the bids.

    Gang Chen, Author, Architect, LEED AP BD+C (GreenExamEducation.com)

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