Help with practice question



  • Avatar
    Sean Ragudo (Edited )

    A bid alternate is an option for the contractor to bid.  Take the following example.

    Base bid is to construct a house with a solarium and concrete paver walkway, the roof is specified to be asphalt shingles .  The following are bid alternates that the contractor will price and the owner will decide what their budget allows once bids are received:

    1.  Metal Roof in lieu of composite shingles

    2.  Construct Garage

    3.  Omit solarium

    Bid alts can be additive, deductive or just plain substitution.  

    Further, a unit price would be something along the lines of establishing a cost for concrete pavers and installation should it be determined during construction that the owner wants a paver patio in lieu of the solarium.  (This price locks in costs to avoid escalation during construction)  

    An allowance would be an estimated cost for walkway lighting along the original concrete paver walkway.  (The bidder will directly add this onto their bid)

    Hope that helps.

  • Avatar
    Francis Pham

    Hi Sean,

    Thanks for taking the time to respond to my posting, I really appreciate it!

    I think I understand the reasoning in your example as option 1 is " Metal roof IN LIEU of composite shingles." The IN LIEU is what tells you its an alternate. But in the handbook example, its in addition to. 

    The definition of the bid alts I agree can be deductive and substitution, but I don't see anywhere in the CSI Manual or AHPP that states that.


  • Avatar
    Sean Ragudo

    AIA document A701-1997 Articles 1.5 - 1.7.  The whole document should be read for the CE exam though.

  • Avatar
    Francis Pham

    Thank you Sean. That was very helpful.

  • Avatar
    Kirsten Cowan

    Hi- I have a question about the same practice item. We're given 3 labels to choose from (Alternate, Allowance, and Unit Price) and the instructions say, "Not all labels will be used." Based on that, I figured we were supposed to choose only one or two. But in the final correct answer explanation, all three labels are used. On a real exam, I would have got that question wrong because of those instructions. Seems odd but maybe I'm missing something?


  • Avatar
    Michelle NCARB (Edited )

    Hi Kirsten,

    It's hard to see this in the Handbook, but in the actual exam environment you'd see that there are two copies of each label, or six labels altogether - and not all six will be used.  The copies are stacked so you can more easily see what you've got.  As you drag the "top" copy onto the diagram, the bottom copy remains.  When you drag the "bottom" copy over, the stack is empty.  

    You can try out similar examples of this in the Demo Exam - from the Handbook, look for PDD Section 4 Item 9 and PPD Section 3 Item 7.  Hope that helps!

  • Avatar
    Kirsten Cowan

    Hah - of course I was missing something. Thanks for this, and for monitoring these forums. 

Please sign in to leave a comment.

Powered by Zendesk